IRVING

Comprehensive Eye Exams

Comprehensive Eye Exams

Regardless of your age or physical health, it’s important to have regular eye exams.

During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health.

A comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests and procedures to examine and evaluate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using a high-powered lens to examine the health of the tissues inside of your eyes.

Eye care experts recommend you have a complete eye exam every year to assess your risk for potentially damaging eye conditions, as well as to keep on top of any changes in vision you may be experiencing.

Infant Vision to School-Aged Children Vision.

Some experts estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), all children should have their eyes examined at 6 months of age, at age 3 and again at the start of school. Children without vision problems or risk factors for eye or vision problems should then continue to have their eyes examined at every year throughout school.

Children with existing vision problems or risk factors should have their eyes examined more frequently. Common risk factors for vision problems include:

  • premature birth
  • developmental delays
  • turned or crossed eyes
  • family history of eye disease
  • history of eye injury
  • other physical illness or disease

The AOA recommends that children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses should have their eyes examined at least every 12 months or according to their eye doctor’s instructions. Read more about Pediatric Eye Exams.

Adults: 19 and older

The AOA also recommends an annual eye exam for any adult who wears eyeglasses or contacts. If you don’t normally need vision correction, you still need an eye exam every year. Doctors often recommend more frequent examinations for adults with diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders, because many diseases can have an impact on vision and eye health.

If you are over 40, it’s a good idea to have your eyes examined every one to two years to check for common age-related eye problems such as presbyopia, cataracts and macular degeneration.

Because the risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age, everyone over the age of 60 should be examined annually.

Adult Vision: 19 to 40 years of age

Most adults in this age range enjoy healthy eyes and good vision. The most common eye and vision problems are due to visual stress and eye injuries.

Most adults between the ages of 19 and 40 enjoy healthy eyes and good vision. The most common eye and vision problems for people in this age group are due to visual stress and eye injuries. By maintaining a healthy lifestyle and protecting your eyes from stress and injury, you can avoid many eye and vision problems.

Good vision is important as you pursue a college degree, begin your career, or perhaps start and raise a family. Here are some things you can do to maintain healthy eyes and good vision:

  • Eat a balanced diet. As part of a healthful diet, eat five servings of fruits and vegetables each day. Choose foods rich in antioxidants, like leafy, green vegetables and fish.
  • Don’t smoke. Smoking exposes your eyes to high levels of noxious chemicals and increases the risk for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cataracts.
  • Get regular exercise. Exercise improves blood circulation, increases oxygen levels to the eyes and helps remove toxins.
  • Protect your eyes from the sun. The sun emits harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays that can damage your eyes over the long term. Choose sunglasses with UV-A and UV-B protection with adequate coverage. Additionally, use sunscreen around the delicate skin around your eyes, and wear a hat or visor in addition to sunglasses to improve protection.
  • Protect your eyes from short-wavelength visible light. Most digital devices and newer LED and fluorescent lights emit more wavelengths near the shorter, or bluer, part of the spectrum. High and continual exposure to these wavelengths can cause slow damage to the retina, which may result in problems like age-related macular degeneration later in life. Special glasses and lens coatings are available to block short-wavelength visible light.
  • Get periodic eye examinations. Although vision generally remains stable during these years, problems may develop without any obvious signs or symptoms. The best way to protect your vision is through regularly scheduled professional eye examinations.

The American Optometric Association recommends that adults aged 19 to 40 receive an eye exam at least every two years. If you are at risk for eye problems due to a family history of eye disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or past vision problems, your doctor of optometry may recommend more frequent exams. In between examinations, contact your doctor if you notice a change in your vision. Detecting and treating problems early can help maintain good vision for the rest of your life.

Adult Vision: 41 to 60 years of age

Difficulty seeing clearly for reading and close work is among the most common problems adults develop between these ages. Also, other changes in the eyes can start to affect work and enjoyment of life.

Beginning in the early to mid-40s, many adults may start to have problems seeing clearly at close distances, especially when reading and working on the computer. This is among the most common problems adults develop between ages 41 to 60. This normal change in the eye’s focusing ability, called presbyopia, will continue to progress over time.

Initially, you may need to hold reading materials farther away to see them clearly. Or you may need to remove your glasses to see better up close. Print in the newspaper or on a restaurant menu may appear blurred, especially under dim lighting.

If you already wear prescription glasses or contact lenses to see clearly in the distance, these changes in your near vision can be corrected by switching to bifocal or multifocal lenses. Fortunately, people with presbyopia now have many options to improve their vision.

During these years, schedule a comprehensive eye examination with your optometrist at least every two years to check for developing eye and vision problems. Don’t rely on the limited driver’s license vision test or other insufficient vision screenings to determine if you have an eye or vision problem.

  • Adults over 40 who have the following health or work issues may be particularly at risk for developing eye and vision problems:
  • Chronic, systemic conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • A family history of glaucoma or macular degeneration.
  • A highly visually demanding job or work in an eye-hazardous occupation.

Health conditions related to high cholesterol, thyroid, anxiety or depression, and arthritis for which you take medications. Many medications, even antihistamines, have vision side effects.

Understanding Age-related Vision Changes

Just like your body, your eyes and vision change over time. While not everyone will experience the same symptoms, the following are common age-related vision changes:

  • Need for more light. As you age, you need more light to see as well as you used to. Brighter lights in your work area or next to your reading chair will help make reading and other close-up tasks easier.
  • Difficulty reading and doing close work. Printed materials can become less clear, in part because the lens in your eye becomes less flexible over time. This makes it harder for your eyes to focus on near objects than when you were younger.
  • Problems with glare. When driving, you may notice additional glare from headlights at night or sun reflecting off windshields or pavement during the day. Changes in your lenses in your eyes cause light entering the eye to be scattered rather than focused precisely on the retina. This creates more glare.
  • Changes in color perception. The normally clear lens located inside your eye may start to discolor. This makes it harder to see and distinguish between certain color shades.
  • Reduced tear production. With age, the tear glands in your eyes will produce fewer tears. This is particularly true for women experiencing hormone changes. As a result, your eyes may feel dry and irritated. Having an adequate amount of tears is essential for keeping your eyes healthy and for maintaining clear sight.

Adult Vision: Over 60 years of age

Vision changes as you get older, but these changes don’t have to compromise your lifestyle. Knowing what to expect and when to seek professional care can help you safeguard your vision.

Vision changes occur as you get older, but these changes don’t have to affect your lifestyle. Knowing what to expect and when to seek professional care can help you safeguard your vision.

As you reach your 60s and beyond, you need to be aware of the warning signs of age-related eye health problems that could cause vision loss. Many eye diseases have no early symptoms. They may develop painlessly, and you may not notice the changes to your vision until the condition is quite advanced. Wise lifestyle choices, regular eye exams and early detection of disease can significantly improve your chances of maintaining good eye health and vision as you age.

You may not realize that health problems affecting other parts of your body can affect your vision as well. People with diabetes or hypertension (high blood pressure), or who are taking medications that have eye-related side effects, are at greatest risk for developing vision problems.

Regular eye exams are even more important as you reach your senior years. The American Optometric Association recommends annual eye examinations for everyone over age 60. See your doctor of optometry immediately if you notice any changes in your vision.

Age-related Eye and Vision Problems

In the years after you turn 60, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision permanently. The earlier these problems are detected and treated, the more likely you can retain good vision.

The following are some vision disorders to be aware of:

  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that affects the macula (the center of the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye) and causes central vision loss. Although small, the macula is the part of the retina that allows us to see fine detail and colors. Activities like reading, driving, watching TV and recognizing faces all require good central vision provided by the macula. While macular degeneration decreases central vision, peripheral or side vision remains unaffected.
  • Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon their size and location, they can interfere with normal vision. Usually cataracts develop in both eyes, but one may be worse than the other. Cataracts can cause blurry vision, decreased contrast sensitivity, dulling of colors and increased sensitivity to glare.
  • Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs in people with diabetes. It is the result of progressive damage to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. These damaged blood vessels leak blood and other fluids that cause retinal tissue to swell and cloud vision. The condition usually affects both eyes. The longer a person has diabetes, the greater the risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. In addition, the instability of a person’s glucose measurements over time can impact the development and/or severity of the condition. At its most severe, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.
  • Dry eye is a condition in which a person produces too few or poor-quality tears. Tears maintain the health of the front surface of the eye and provide clear vision. Dry eye is a common and often chronic problem, particularly in older adults.
  • Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve resulting in vision loss. People with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans and older adults have a higher risk of developing the disease. Glaucoma is often painless and can have no symptoms. Over time, it can take away peripheral (side) vision.
  • Retinal detachment is a tearing or separation of the retina from the underlying tissue. Retinal detachment most often occurs spontaneously due to changes to the gel-like vitreous fluid that fills the back of the eye. Other causes include trauma to the eye or head, health problems like advanced diabetes, and inflammatory eye disorders. If not treated promptly, it can cause permanent vision loss.

If you would like to make an appointment with our doctor, please call (972) 313-9505 or click on the button below.

Irving Address


First Eye Care Irving
2208 W. Shady Grove Dr.
Irving, TX 75060

 

Contact Us


Phone:(972) 313-9505
Fax:(972) 790-2911

Irving Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Dr. Weikum is in Tuesday & Thursday

Dallas Address


First Eye Care Downtown Dallas
2100 Ross Ave., #260-LB4
Dallas, TX 75201

 

Contact Us


Phone:(214) 220-2425
Fax:(214) 220-2488

Dallas Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Dr. Weikum is in Monday, Wednesday & Friday

Irving Location Map


 

Irving Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (972) 313-9505 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.

Dallas Location Map


 

Dallas Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (214) 220-2425 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.

Irving Address


First Eye Care Irving
2208 W. Shady Grove Dr.
Irving, TX 75060

 

Contact Us


Phone:(972) 313-9505
Fax:(972) 790-2911

Irving Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Irving Location Map


 

Irving Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (972) 313-9505 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.

Dallas Address


First Eye Care Downtown Dallas
2100 Ross Ave., #260-LB4
Dallas, TX 75201

 

Contact Us


Phone:(214) 220-2425
Fax:(214) 220-2488

Dallas Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Dallas Location Map


 

Dallas Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (214) 220-2425 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.

Irving Address


First Eye Care Irving
2208 W. Shady Grove Dr.
Irving, TX 75060

 

Contact Us


Phone:(972) 313-9505
Fax:(972) 790-2911

Irving Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Irving Location Map


 

Irving Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (972) 313-9505 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.

Dallas Address


First Eye Care Downtown Dallas
2100 Ross Ave., #260-LB4
Dallas, TX 75201

 

Contact Us


Phone:(214) 220-2425
Fax:(214) 220-2488

Dallas Hours


Mon:9:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Tue:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Wed:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Thu:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Fri:8:30 AM – 5:00 PM
Sat:Closed
Sun:Closed

Dallas Location Map


 

Dallas Emergencies


Our doctors are on call to treat after-hours ocular emergencies for established patients. In case of an after-hours ocular emergency, please call (214) 220-2425 or (214) 223-9636 and follow the instructions.